Annually, nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should make sure that they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate associated with Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation aided by the University of Leipzig, is promoting the initial functional way for very very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
Because of the Seleggt method, the intercourse of a young chicken may be determined into the egg. So how exactly does this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We already know just that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, are usually contained in the non-incubated egg and therefore are just created into the egg that is female.
To achieve this, you have to wait about nine times before the hormones are located in the egg in adequate amount. Then we draw out a little fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a marker that is biochemical.
This then shows, by having a color modification, if the sulphate that is oestrone current. Feminine eggs are then returned to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are processed into animal feed.
Up to now, but, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a few supermarkets provide these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last few 2 yrs, we now have made amazing progress in refining our technology. We could now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
Nevertheless, the method has just been utilized in our in-house hatchery thus far. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered in about 380 supermarkets in the greater Berlin area today. The fact these eggs just occur here, for the present time, is basically because the true number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, nonetheless, we’ve been breeding on a bigger scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young chickens that are female each week. Because of the end of July, the very first generation would be old sufficient to lay their very own eggs. After that, we are seeing a number that is increasing of eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set it self the aim of attempting to sell these eggs in every its German branches by the finish regarding the entire year.
Beginning year that is next we shall then provide and also make our technology offered to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is carried out in a way that is cost-neutral.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral may possibly imply that you first need certainly to make an advance re re payment. How come that the situation?
Our business design comprises of supermarkets spending us a licence charge – but only once the eggs that are first for sale in supermarkets. We’ve create a Respeggt logo design to exhibit the client that the eggs had been produced without killing young birds.
This will be a definite added value as supermarkets can then get this to marketable. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because we made the hatching eggs offered by the start of the supply chain.
The client, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing young birds from being slaughtered as the cost of eggs should be somewhat increased.
Any kind of other means of the detection that is early of being developed?
Yes, other practices are increasingly being researched in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but in addition into the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more info on these methods, as their development obviously happens in today’s world.
In virtually any situation, I would personally welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I will be perhaps not just concerned with your competition, but in addition in regards to the dilemma of killing young birds.
To be truthful, running the whole sector with an individual technology could be a challenge that is serious.
Is the fact that since your reach remains too tiny?
Yes. We be prepared to raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery this season – that is merely a fall into the ocean if you think about that an overall total of 45 million young male chickens are increasingly being gassed or shredded on a yearly basis.
Which means that we are going to require a deal that is great time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we have the ability to discuss about it a paradigm change. Rome had not been built per day.
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Once the Seleggt technology had been established, it had been labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A differnt one of the could be the double utilization of birds. Could that function as the future of chicken agriculture?
The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
This is basically the only way we can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, needless to say, is always to breed hens which have a beneficial laying performance, while their brothers have fattening performance that is high. That seems like a jack-of-all-trades form of unit and that’s what it really is.
As an agricultural scientist by having a PhD in farming, I’m able to inform you there are complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building enough muscle mass. Just one or perhaps one other.
However, i am hoping that the reproduction companies continue steadily to work intensively with this problem to make certain that we now have an economically viable solution for dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are simply a short-term solution and it could undoubtedly become more sustainable and in most of y our passions whenever we could place a end to the killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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